Nengajo: How to send a Japanese New Years Postcard

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Photo by ludouke

Japanese ‘nengajo’ or New Years greetings cards are a fun and easy means of showing your appreciation to all those people who have helped you navigate the tricky waters of living in a foreign country, and, with Japan Post’s 18 yen international “Nenga” stamp, they’re also a great way to send well wishes to your friends and family back home.

But there are rules about when and who to send your nengajo to and restrictions based on what happened during the previous year. So, to avoid offending a large group of people too early on in the year, here’s a step by step guide to sending your nengajo.

Step One: Buy or create your own nengajos

From early December onwards you can pick up pre-printed nengajos in stationary stores like Loft, post offices and some supermarkets. There are literally hundreds of different designs to choose from but most will have a version of the zodiac sign for the upcoming year.

2017 is the year of the rooster so not too difficult to draw if you want to create your own! Some people like to include photos of themselves or their family and there’s also the option to create digital designs and print them off; there are lots of websites that offer free printable designs.



Step Two: Write your message

Once you’ve made your nengajo, it’s probably best to include a message (there’s nothing more mysterious, or creepy, than an empty greetings card) and Japanese has many a stock phrase to wish somebody a happy new year so you can mix it up a bit once your hand starts to cramp.

You can, of course, write a more personal message. The custom of nengajo is based on “nenshi-mawari” or New Year’s visits where people would call on their family, friends and neighbors to say thank you for their support during the previous year. So, if a nice person did something like bust you out of a maximum security prison it’s good to specifically thank them for that.

Step Three: Send your nengajo

Usually when you buy nengajo they already include postage which means that you don’t need to buy stamps and get a furry tongue sticking them all on. Japan Post starts accepting cards from early December at which point the whole postal service assumes its ultimate nengajo form, changing post boxes to include a separate opening for nengajo and labeling each card to ensure they will be delivered not before or after but precisely on the morning of the 1st of January (as long as you sent them before the 25th).

The post office hires part-time workers to help deliver the estimated 4 billion cards which arrive at each household in nicely bound bundles. When the nengajo are delivered, it’s an exciting time for families to open their parcel of New Years wishes and check out this years’ designs.

To send your nengajo abroad, Japan Post has an 18 yen stamp that can be added to the normal postcard (already postmarked) to be delivered by airmail, though there are no guarantees that the postal service at the other end will do as efficient a job. 
You’re not supposed to send nengajo to a person who has had a death in the family the previous year. They should have sent a “mourning postcard” to let you know not to send one if you’re not sure.

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Step Four: Win the lottery (hopefully)


Many people use nengajo with lottery numbers for the New Year Jumbo Lottery. The numbers are issued by the Japan Post and usually printed on the bottom of the card. Prizes are announced on January 15th and are normally household objects like a TV, a washer/dryer or home spa kit. With odds like 4 billion to one, it might just be your lucky New Years day – anything’s possible!

Updated: 12/16/2016

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Tokyo-based writer and consultant.
  • Gaijinn says:

    What about people whom we see everyday?
    Should i post it or hand them directly?
    IS there a different card which we can hand them directly?

    • Rebecca Quin says:

      As far as I know there isn’t a different card to give directly. Even if it’s people you see everyday, the custom is still to post the card so that it arrives exactly on the 1st!

  • papiGiulio says:

    Would love to have some information on how to make it easier to print/sending it?

    How about typical nengajyou printers and software’s where you just have an address book that automatically prints cards with the addresses so that one doesn’t have to write each address on every bloody card. That would make my life much easier.

    Considered at times to quit sending nengajyo’s alltogether, because it’s such a hassle as I don’t want to send the pre-printed ones and thus have to make my own design which takes ages as well.

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