Did you hear that? The hesitant, almost diffident cry of the first cicadas of summer is a sign that the tsuyu season in Japan is FINALLY coming to an end after what feels like months of incessant rain. All we need to do is gaman, or “hang in there,” and summer in all of its glory will finally be here.
But before we get to see the back of Japan’s most hated season, there’s still time to brush up on our rain-related Japanese vocabulary, because as much as we don’t like it, it still feels good to complain.
In Japanese, jime-jime is that unpleasant, sticky feeling during the rainy season when the humidity has got its clammy hands all over you; mushi-mushi when it damn near smothers you.
To the Japanese ear, potan is the sound of a drop of water plopping into, say, a bucket; pota-pota, the tune a leaky faucet sings; and jah-jah, water gushing out of a pipe.
The Japanese will hear potsu-potsu as raindrops start falling upon dry ground; shito-shito when it drizzles; and zah-zah when it pours.
Strong winds howl with a byoo-byoo or a gou-gou making the windows of your apartment gata-gata (rattle). And, thunder, when stirred awake by the pika-pika of lightning, will loudly goro-goro (rumble).
While nuru-nuru describes the slimy feel every surface has when it’s been balmy for days on end, beta-beta or beto-beto is how your sweaty skin feels on uncomfortably jime-jime days. You’re dripping with sweat if you’re dara-dara; drenched to the skin if you’re bisho-bisho or gusho-gusho.
The Japanese will hear ‘potsu-potsu’ as raindrops start falling upon dry ground; ‘shito-shito’ when it drizzles; and’ zah-zah’ when it pours.
Folks refer to konuka ame (a light mist) and kirisame or saiu if it’s a light drizzle. On the other hand, in the summer you can often get caught in a niwaka ame (sudden shower), a doshaburi (downpour) and o-ame (torrential rain). A gouu — like that we just experienced in Kyushu — is a concentrated torrential downpour.
I hope you’re not confused already because this is not even a potan in the bucket. The Eskimos may have fifty words for “snow,” but there are a whopping 1,190 rain-related words and phrases in the Japanese language.
The most peculiar one by far has got to be the phrase used to describe a sudden downpour out of an otherwise cloudless sky: kitsune no yome-iri (literally, “the fox takes a bride”). The kitsune, or fox, occupies a special place in the folklore and superstitions of the Japanese people. They are said to possess magical abilities, one of which is the ability to assume human form. Statues of foxes can be seen at Inari shrines, where they act as messengers for Inari Okami, the Shinto god of fertility and farming. In ancient times, people believed that whenever rain fell from clear blue skies, a wedding between foxes was taking place. This folklore was captured in Katsushika Hokusai’s famous ukiyo-e print of the same name.
One more! Although yudachi, which literally translated means “evening stand,” refers to a late afternoon summer shower, you shouldn’t assume that asadachi means an early morning shower. Far from it, friends, the asadachi refers to very different kind of morning stand — yet another blessing from nature.
Keep your eyes and ears peeled. I promise you will soon hear that harbinger of summer emanating from the trees: miiin min min min min miii.
For more on learning Japanese
- Learn more about the GaijinPot Study Placement Program. If you’re interested in studying in Japan next year, applications for students visas need to be submitted at least four months in advance of your term start date. You can read more about the student visa process here.
- Learn Japanese with our original study materials on GaijinPot Study
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